Distribution, habitat characteristics, prey abundance and diet of surf scoters (Melanitta
perspicillata) and long-tailed ducks (Clangula hyemalis) in polyhaline wintering habitats in
the mid-Atlantic region: a comparison of shallow coastal lagoons and Chesapeake Bay
environs. Paige G. Ross and Mark W. Luckenbach, Eastern Shore Laboratory,
Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary,
Wachapreague, VA. Report to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: FWS # 70181-7-R039. 2008. Report and Appendices in PDF format.